The Blackstone Group L.P. is a publicly owned hedge fund sponsor. The firm also provides financial advisory services to its clients. It provides its services to public and corporate pension funds, academic, cultural, and charitable organizations, retirees, sovereign wealth funds, and institutional and individual investors. The firm manages separate client focused portfolios for its clients. It launches fixed income mutual funds. The firm also launches and manages private equity funds, real estate funds, funds of hedge funds, and credit-focused funds for its clients. It invests in private equity, public equity, fixed income, and alternative investment markets. The Blackstone Group L.P. was founded in 1985 and is based in New York City with additional offices in San Francisco, California, London, United Kingdom, Hong Kong, Beijing, China, Dubai, UAE, Dusseldorf, Germany, Los Angeles, Santa Monica, Mexico City, Mexico, Paris, France, Sao Paulo, Brazil, Seoul, Korea, Shanghai, China, Singapore, Sydney, Australia, Copenhagen, Denmark, Toronto, Canada, Baltimore, Maryland, and Tokyo, Japan.