Price/Book of Washington Trust Bancorp, Inc.
The price to book ratio, or P/B ratio, is a financial ratio used to compare a company's current market price to its book value. It is also sometimes known as a market to book ratio or price to equity ratio. The calculation of a price to book ratio can be performed in two ways. It can be calculated as the company's market capitalization divided by the company's total book value from its balance sheet. It can also be calculated using per-share values and dividing a company's current share price by the book value per share (i.e. its book value divided by the number of outstanding shares).
The P/B ratio varies between industries. The industries that require more infrastructure capital (for each dollar of profit) will usually trade at P/B ratios much lower than, for example, consulting firms. P/B ratios are commonly used to compare banks, because most assets and liabilities of banks are constantly valued at market values. A higher P/B ratio implies that investors expect management to create more value from a given set of assets, all else equal (and/or that the market value of the firm's assets is significantly higher than their accounting value).
P/B ratios do not, however, directly provide any information on the ability of the firm to generate profits or cash for shareholders. This ratio also gives some idea of whether an investor is paying too much for what would be left if the company went bankrupt immediately. For companies in distress, the book value is usually calculated without the intangible assets that would have no resale value. In such cases, P/B should also be calculated on a "diluted" basis, because stock options may well vest on sale of the company or change of control or firing of management.
Washington Trust Bancorp, Inc. operates as the bank holding company for The Washington Trust Company that offers various banking and financial products and services to individuals and businesses. The company operates in two segments, Commercial Banking and Wealth Management Services. The Commercial Banking segment offers deposit accounts, including interest-bearing checking, noninterest-bearing checking, savings, money market, and retirement deposit accounts; and certificates of deposit, as well as debit card, ATM, telephone banking, Internet banking, mobile banking, remote deposit capture, and cash management services. This segment also provides various commercial and retail lending products, which include commercial real estate loans consisting of commercial mortgages, and construction and development loans; commercial and industrial loans; residential real estate loans; and consumer loans comprising home equity loans and lines of credit, personal installment loans, and loans to individuals secured by general aviation aircraft. The Wealth Management Services segment provides investment management; financial planning; personal trust and estate services, including services as trustee, personal representative, custodian, and guardian; and settlement of decedents' estates, as well as institutional trust services, such as custody and fiduciary services. This segment serves personal and institutional clients, and mutual funds. The company also operates as a licensed broker-dealer that markets investment programs, including mutual funds and variable annuities. As of December 31, 2016, it had 10 branch offices located in southern Rhode Island; 10 branch offices located in the greater Providence area in Rhode Island; and 1 branch office located in southeastern Connecticut. The company was founded in 1800 and is headquartered in Westerly, Rhode Island.
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